Global climate change requires at short-term and urgently effective measures to reduce the emission of CO2 resp. greenhouse gases. The NetZero target for 2050 sets out the ambitious path for continuing and intensifying these measures.
The replacement of fossil fuels with the consistent use of renewable energies for power generation and the transition to alternative fuels such as green hydrogen and biofuels – especially among consumers in industry and transport – is a key contribution to the targeted reduction in emissions. This will require the provision of green fuels on a large scale timely and reliably.
However, it is foreseeable already today, that the reduction of emissions alone will not be sufficient for NetZero 2050. Strategies must be developed and implemented in parallel to enable carbon removal, i.e. large-scale capture and safe storage of atmospheric CO2.
Climate change mitigation measures must be consistent with responses to the challenges of global population growth and international wealth disparities, which will also intensify in this century.
SAREP serves as a vision for a green development pathway for the adjacent states of the Sahara. The narrative for this vision builds upon the fact that there have been multiple phases during the history of the Sahara, in which shifting climatic conditions have led to the replacement of the desert with tropical savannahs rich in water, flora and fauna. Living in a phase of changing climatic conditions that even favor the expansion of deserts serves as inducement to create a sustainable system to reverse this trend. Through the use of modern technology and know-how, a “renaissance” of the Sahara is to be achieved.
Once the initial project stage in Mauritania has proven its feasibility, the project should be scaled up to create one continuous green belt from Africa´s Atlantic coast in the west to the red sea in the east, running through Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad and Sudan.